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A Kidney Stone

A kidney stone is literally a hard crystallization “stone” that is made from concentrated chemicals in the urine and grows in the kidney. These stones can injure the kidney and/or break off and potentially block the kidney and cause severe pain. There are different types of stones. The stone-forming chemicals are calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate and others. Usually, these chemicals are eliminated in the urine by the body's master chemist: the kidney. Possible causes of stones include genetic factors/ predispositions, metabolic abnormalities, drinking too little water and other dietary factors, obesity, weight loss surgery, etc.

Our team is highly equipped to diagnose these different types of stones and determine what is likely causing their formation and then to optimize diet and medications to help minimize future kidney stone formation.

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